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Ancient history of Kurdistan

Urartu Civilization

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Urartu, also known as the Kingdom of Urartu or the Kingdom of Van, was a civilization which developed in the Bronze and Iron Age of ancient Armenia, eastern Turkey, and northwestern Iran from the 9th century BCE. Controlling territories through military might and the construction of fortresses, the kingdom boasted a lively production in the arts, especially metalwork. …

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Archaeologists in Iraq find 2,700-year-old wine press from rule of Assyrian kings


Archaeologists in Iraq revealed Sunday their discovery of a large-scale wine factory from the rule of the Assyrian kings 2,700 years ago, along with stunning monumental rock-carved royal reliefs. The carvings, from 2,700 years ago, show gods, kings and sacred animals. The stone bas-reliefs, showing kings praying to the gods, were cut …

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Hittite, member of an ancient Indo-European people who appeared in Anatoliaat the beginning of the 2nd millennium BCE; by 1340 BCE they had become one of the dominant powers of the Middle East. Probably originating from the area beyond the Black Sea, the Hittites first occupied central Anatolia, making their …

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Complete Guide on Ancient Mesopotamia


Ancient Mesopotamia in a Nutshell Civilization Name: Mesopotamia Period: 3500 BC -500 BC Originated Location: northeast by the Zagros Mountains, southeast by the Arabian Plateau Current Location: Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey Meaning: land between rivers [Ancient Greek] Major Highlights: First civilization in the world Mesopotamian was the world’s earliest civilization between the land of the …

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Erbil, also called Hawler (Kurdish: ھەولێر ,Hewlêr[3] Arabic: أربيل, romanized: Arbīl,[4] Syriac: ܐܲܪܒܹܝܠ,[5] or Arbel)[6] and known in ancient history as Arbela, is the capital and most populated city in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.[7] There is no current census of the city and official population statistics are not available, its population is estimated to be around 1,200,000.[2] Erbil ھەولێر         Clockwise, from top: Downtown, Mudhafaria …

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Kelashin Stele


The Kelashin Stele (also Kelishin or Keli-Shin; from Kurdish Language: Blue Stone) found in Kelashin, Iraq, bears an important Urartian–Assyrian bilingual text dating to c. 800 BC, first described by Friedrich Eduard Schulz in 1827. Part of Schulz’s notes were lost when he was killed by Kurdish “bandits”, and later expeditions were either prevented by weather conditions or Kurdish brigands, so that a copy (latex squeeze) …

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Simko Shikak


Simko Shikak (born Ismail Agha Shikak 1887 – 1930, Kurdish: سمکۆی شکاک, romanized: Simko Şikak) was a Kurdish chieftain of the Shekak tribe. He was born into a prominent Kurdish feudal family based in Chihriq castle located near the Baranduz river in the Urmia region of northwestern Iran. By 1920, parts of Iranian Azerbaijan located west of Lake Urmia were under his control.[1] He led Kurdish farmers into battle and defeated the Iranian army on …

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Zazas Not to be confused with Zazi. The Zazas (also known as Kird, Kirmanc or Dimili)[7] are a people in eastern Turkey who traditionally speak the Zaza language. Their heartland consists of Tunceli and Bingöl provinces and parts of Elazığ, Erzincan and Diyarbakır provinces.[3] Zazas generally[8] consider themselves Kurds,[9][6][10][11] and are often described as Zaza Kurds by scholars.[7][12][13][14][15] Zazas Geographic distribution of Zaza speakers (darker green) among Iranian speakers[1] Total population 2 to 3 …

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Mount Alfaf


Mount Alfaf (Syriac: ܛܘܪܐ ܕܐܠܦܦ, ṭūrāʾ Alfaf), also known as Mount Maqlub (جبل مقلوب in Arabic), is a mountain in the Nineveh Plains region in northern Iraq. The mountain lies 30 km to the northeast of Mosul and some 15 km from Bartella. The largest town on the mountain is Mirki which is inhabited by Syriac Orthodox Christians.[1] Mount Alfaf Mount Maqlub, Ṭūrāʾ Alfaf View of the …

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