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Modern history of Kurdistan

Simko Shikak

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Simko Shikak (born Ismail Agha Shikak 1887 – 1930, Kurdish: سمکۆی شکاک, romanized: Simko Şikak) was a Kurdish chieftain of the Shekaktribe. He was born into a prominent Kurdish feudal family based in Chihriq castle located near the Baranduz river in the Urmia region of northwestern Iran. By 1920, parts of …

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Qazi Muhammad

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Biography Qazi Muhammad was born into a noble Kurdish family from Mahabad.  His father had cooperated with Ismail Shimko during his revolt against the Iranian government in the 1920s, and his brother Sadr Qazi was a member of the Iranian parliament. After his father’s death, he was nominated as a judge in …

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Yarsanism

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Yarsanism, Ahl-e Haqq or Kaka’i (Kurdish: یارسان, romanized: Yarsan Persian: اهل حق), is a syncretic religion founded by Sultan Sahak in the late 14th century in western Iran. The total number of followers of Yarsanism is estimated to be just over half a million in Iran and Iraq who are mostly Kurds from …

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Modern history of Kurdistan

Erbil / Hewler / Arbil / Irbil, Kurdistan, Iraq: main square, Shar Park, with crowds enjoying the pleasantly cool area created by the fountains - arcades on both sides and Nishtiman mall in front - Mosque and Erbil Clocktower on the left - dense traffic on Kirkuk avenue on the right - seen from the Erbil citadel - photo by M.Torres

Modern history of Kurdistan 1918: Sheikh Mahmoud Barzinji becomes governor of Suleimaniah under British rule. He and other Kurdish leaders who want Kurdistan to be ruled independently of Baghdad rebel against the British. He is defeated a year later. [1] 1923: The Treaty of Lausanne between Turkey and the allied …

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Sykes-Picot Agreement 1916

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Sykes-Picot Agreement 1916 WRITTEN BY: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Sykes-Picot Agreement, also called Asia Minor Agreement, (May 1916), secret convention made during World War I between Great Britain and France, with the assent of imperial Russia, for the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire. The agreement led to the division of Turkish-held Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestine into various French- and British-administered areas. …

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