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Modern history of Kurdistan

Modern history of Kurdistan

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1918: Sheikh Mahmoud Barzinji becomes governor of Suleimaniah under British rule. He and other Kurdish leaders who want Kurdistan to be ruled independently of Baghdad rebel against the British. He is defeated a year later. [1] 1923: The Treaty of Lausanne between Turkey and the allied powers invalidates the Treaty …

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Origin of The Kurds

3 Abovian-Kurds

By Prof. Mehrdad A. Izady Being the native inhabitants of their land. there are no “beginnings” for Kurdish history and people. Kurds and their history are the end products of thousands of years of continuous internal evolution and assimilation of new peoples and ideas introduced sporadically into their land. Genetically, Kurds …

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Kurdistan History in Review: Kurds and Kurdistan a Cornerstone of History

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Ardishir Rashidi-Kalhur | Ekurd.net President of Kurdish American Education Society, Los Angeles. History The existence of the Kurdish people, their land and culture dates back  to before the  recorded History, and has continued to the present day. Due to its strategic location, its significant contributions to the history of human civilization …

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Modern history of Kurdistan

5927124 ‘Kurds who fought on the side of the Assyrians at Urumia’, 1918 (b/w photo) by Unknown photographer (20th century); National Army Museum, London; (add.info.: ‘Kurds who fought on the side of the Assyrians at Urumia’, 1918.

Photograph, World War One, Caucasus, (1914-1918).

The Baku oil installations were deemed vital to the Allied war effort so after the Russian armies in the Caucasus collapsed following the October Revolution (1917), the British attempted to bolster the Allied position there by despatching a military mission called Dunsterforce.

Dunsterforce officers trained local levies in order to oppose the Ottoman army and various Turkish backed-tribesmen. The British found it difficult to work out who among the myriad tribes and faiths in the region were allies or enemies. Leith-Ross noted that the Kurdish group shown here, called the ‘Shekoik… fought with the Christians against the Shiah Moslems, but later they proved traitors and were shot. They look like the treacherous people they actually were’.

From an album of 334 photographs compiled by Major W Leith-Ross, Army Staff and 13th Frontier Force Rifles, 1918-1920);  out of copyright.

1918: Sheikh Mahmoud Barzinji becomes governor of Suleimaniah under British rule. He and other Kurdish leaders who want Kurdistan to be ruled independently of Baghdad rebel against the British. He is defeated a year later. [1] 1923: The Treaty of Lausanne between Turkey and the allied powers invalidates the Treaty …

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Dildar

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A brief about his life The poet Younis Mulla Raouf was born on February 20, 1918, in the city of Koye of Erbil governorate, the capital of the Kurdistan Region. He studied primary and middle school in the schools of Koya and Rania, then moved to Kirkuk to study secondary …

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Information about Kurdistan

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Information about Kurdistan   Broadly defined geographic region traditionally inhabited mainly by Kurds. It consists of an extensive plateau and mountain area, spread over large parts of what are now eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, and western Iran and smaller parts of northern Syria and Armenia. Two of these countries officially …

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The National Flag of Kurdistan

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INTRODUCTION: The aim of this document is to nroduce in brief the history of the current National Flag of Kurdistan and to help those who use the Kurdish national flag to reproduce it correctly. The document contains the basic rules for the construction of the flag as well as the …

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KURDISH TRIBES

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KURDISH TRIBES. Kurdish tribes are found throughout Persia, eastern Anatolia and northern Iraq, but very few comprehensive lists of them have been published. The one most often cited is that of François Bernard Charmoy, which was based on the Šaraf-nāma by the 16th-century Kurdish historian Šaraf-al-Din Bedlisi (q.v.; I, pp. …

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ISIS genocide of Yezidis and Christians

Yazidi refugee women stand behind a banner as they wait for the arrival of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Special Envoy Angelina Jolie at a Syrian and Iraqi refugee camp in the southern Turkish town of Midyat in Mardin province, Turkey, June 20, 2015. REUTERS/Umit Bektas

ISIS genocide of Yezidis and Christians Overview In the summer months of 2014, the Yezidi and Christian communities of Nineveh and Shingal (Sinjar) – as well as a host of other civilians belonging to diverse religious and ethnic components of Iraq – came under siege when the Islamic State of …

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