سێ شه‌ممه‌ , حوزه‌یران 18 2024
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Modern history of Kurdistan

Modern history of Kurdistan

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Modern history of Kurdistan 1918: Sheikh Mahmoud Barzinji becomes governor of Suleimaniah under British rule. He and other Kurdish leaders who want Kurdistan to be ruled independently of Baghdad rebel against the British. He is defeated a year later. [1] 1923: The Treaty of Lausanne between Turkey and the allied …

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Story of Anfal

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What is Anfal? Anfal was a series of eight military campaigns conducted by the Iraqi government against rural Kurdish communities in Iraq, which lasted from 23 February until 6 September in 1988. The word al-Anfal is religious in origin: it is the name of the eighth sura or chapter of the …

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KURDISTAN MUSEUM

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KURDISTAN MUSEUM DESCRIPTION The site of the new Kurdistan Museum will be the first major institution to dedicate itself to the preservation and education of the Kurds’ national heritage to the region and the world. In collaboration with the Kurdistan Regional Government and client representative RWF World, the team has …

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Ramzi Nafi

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Ramzi Nafi or Ramzi Nafi Rashid Agha(Kurdish: رەمزی نافیع ئاغا; Latinized: Ramzî Nafî Reşîd Aghâ) (1917-1949) was a Kurdish National Socialist. As one of the most controversial figures in recent Kurdish history, his involvement in the failed Operation Mammut has earned him high reputation in Kurdistan. YouthEdit He attended primary …

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Simko Shikak

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Simko Shikak (born Ismail Agha Shikak 1887 – 1930, Kurdish: سمکۆی شکاک, romanized: Simko Şikak) was a Kurdish chieftain of the Shekaktribe. He was born into a prominent Kurdish feudal family based in Chihriq castle located near the Baranduz river in the Urmia region of northwestern Iran. By 1920, parts of …

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Qazi Muhammad

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Biography Qazi Muhammad was born into a noble Kurdish family from Mahabad.  His father had cooperated with Ismail Shimko during his revolt against the Iranian government in the 1920s, and his brother Sadr Qazi was a member of the Iranian parliament. After his father’s death, he was nominated as a judge in …

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Yarsanism

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Yarsanism, Ahl-e Haqq or Kaka’i (Kurdish: یارسان, romanized: Yarsan Persian: اهل حق), is a syncretic religion founded by Sultan Sahak in the late 14th century in western Iran. The total number of followers of Yarsanism is estimated to be just over half a million in Iran and Iraq who are mostly Kurds from …

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Modern history of Kurdistan

Erbil / Hewler / Arbil / Irbil, Kurdistan, Iraq: main square, Shar Park, with crowds enjoying the pleasantly cool area created by the fountains - arcades on both sides and Nishtiman mall in front - Mosque and Erbil Clocktower on the left - dense traffic on Kirkuk avenue on the right - seen from the Erbil citadel - photo by M.Torres

Modern history of Kurdistan 1918: Sheikh Mahmoud Barzinji becomes governor of Suleimaniah under British rule. He and other Kurdish leaders who want Kurdistan to be ruled independently of Baghdad rebel against the British. He is defeated a year later. [1] 1923: The Treaty of Lausanne between Turkey and the allied …

Read More »