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Yearly Archives: 2022

Kelashin Stele

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The Kelashin Stele (also Kelishin or Keli-Shin; from Kurdish Language: Blue Stone) found in Kelashin, Iraq, bears an important Urartian–Assyrian bilingual text dating to c. 800 BC, first described by Friedrich Eduard Schulz in 1827. Part of Schulz’s notes were lost when he was killed by Kurdish “bandits”, and later expeditions were either prevented by weather conditions or Kurdish brigands, so that a copy (latex squeeze) …

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Abdullah Beg Benari

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Abdullah Beg Benari was a Kurdish tribal leader, who lived from 1880 to 1939. He was the son of Sheikh Jahangir, who was the son of Sultan Beg, and a descendant of Bradostian Kurdish princes who fought in the battle of Dimdim Castle against the Iranian invasion by the Shah Abbas in 1609. Abdullah lived in the …

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Simko Shikak

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Simko Shikak (born Ismail Agha Shikak 1887 – 1930, Kurdish: سمکۆی شکاک, romanized: Simko Şikak) was a Kurdish chieftain of the Shekak tribe. He was born into a prominent Kurdish feudal family based in Chihriq castle located near the Baranduz river in the Urmia region of northwestern Iran. By 1920, parts of Iranian Azerbaijan located west of Lake Urmia were under his control.[1] He led Kurdish farmers into battle and defeated the Iranian army on …

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Bradost (mountain)

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Bradost or Chia-y Bradost (Nawakhin), a mountain range over 5,000 feet above sea level and about 25 miles long, stretches northwest from the Rawanduz river opposite the town of Rawanduz in Erbil Governorate, Kurdistan Region, Iraq, to Rubari kuchuk, a tributary of the Great Zab.[1] Bradost mountain range The Shanidar Cave,a Neandertalian archaeological site, lies about 15 …

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Sharafnama book

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The Sharafnama (Kurdish: شەرەفنامە Şerefname, “The Book of Honor”, Persian: Sharafname, شرفنامه) is the famous book of Sharaf al-Din Bitlisi(a medieval Kurdish historian and poet) (1543–1599), which he wrote in 1597, in Persian. Sharafnama is regarded as an important and oldest source on Kurdish history. It deals with the different Kurdish dynasties …

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Haji Qadir Koyi

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Haji Qadir Koyi (Kurdish: حاجی قادری کۆیی, romanized: Hacî Qadirî Koyî; c. 1817-1897) was a Kurdish poet. He carried on the nationalistic message of Ahmad Khani in his writings. He wanted to enlighten the people and help them to remedy the problems of illiteracy and backwardness and ideas which result from lack …

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Zazas

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Zazas Not to be confused with Zazi. The Zazas (also known as Kird, Kirmanc or Dimili)[7] are a people in eastern Turkey who traditionally speak the Zaza language. Their heartland consists of Tunceli and Bingöl provinces and parts of Elazığ, Erzincan and Diyarbakır provinces.[3] Zazas generally[8] consider themselves Kurds,[9][6][10][11] and are often described as Zaza Kurds by scholars.[7][12][13][14][15] Zazas Geographic distribution of Zaza speakers (darker green) among Iranian speakers[1] Total population 2 to 3 …

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Mount Alfaf

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Mount Alfaf (Syriac: ܛܘܪܐ ܕܐܠܦܦ, ṭūrāʾ Alfaf), also known as Mount Maqlub (جبل مقلوب in Arabic), is a mountain in the Nineveh Plains region in northern Iraq. The mountain lies 30 km to the northeast of Mosul and some 15 km from Bartella. The largest town on the mountain is Mirki which is inhabited by Syriac Orthodox Christians.[1] Mount Alfaf Mount Maqlub, Ṭūrāʾ Alfaf View of the …

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history of Mesopotamia

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istory of Mesopotamia historical region, Asia  2-Min Summary Learn about the culture of Mesopotamia in the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers An overview of Mesopotamia. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. history of Mesopotamia, history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world’s earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a …

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