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Yearly Archives: 2022

Newroz as celebrated by Kurds

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Newroz or Nawroz (Kurdish: [نه‌ورۆز, Newroz] [Nûroj, نوڕۆژ])is the Kurdish celebration of Nowruz; the arrival of spring and new year in Kurdish culture. In Zoroastrianism, fire is a symbol of light, goodness and purification. Angra Mainyu, the demonic anti-thesis of Ahura Mazda, was defied by Zoroastrians with a big fire every year, which symbolized their defiance of and hatred for evil …

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Sarduri II ( Kings of Urartu )

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Sarduri II (ruled: 764–735 BC) was a King of Urartu, succeeding his father Argishti I to the throne. The Urartian Kingdom was at its peak during his reign, campaigning successfully against several neighbouring powers, including Assyria. Sarduri II King of Urartu Reign 764–735 BC Predecessor Argishti I Successor Rusa I Issue Rusa I Father Argishti I Mother …

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Hittite

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Hittite, member of an ancient Indo-European people who appeared in Anatoliaat the beginning of the 2nd millennium BCE; by 1340 BCE they had become one of the dominant powers of the Middle East. Probably originating from the area beyond the Black Sea, the Hittites first occupied central Anatolia, making their …

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Urartian originals

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      A modern depiction of the god Ḫaldi based on Urartian originals     The Urartian pantheon seems to have comprised a diverse mix of Hurrian, Akkadian, Armenian, and Hittite deities.[75] Starting with the reign of Ishpuini, the Urartian pantheon was headed by a triad made up of Ḫaldi (the supreme god), Theispas (Teisheba, …

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Urartu

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Urartu is a geographical region commonly used as the exonym for the Iron Age kingdom also known by the modern rendition of its endonym, the Kingdom of Van, centered around Lake Van in the historic Armenian Highlands. The kingdom rose to power in the mid-9th century BC, but went into gradual decline and was eventually conquered by the Iranian Medes in the early …

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Sharafkhan Bidlisi

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    Sharaf al-Din Khan b. Shams al-Din b. Sharaf Beg Bedlisi was a Kurdish Emir of Bitlis. He was also a historian, writer and poet. He wrote exclusively in Persian. Born in the Garmrood village, in central Iran, between Arak and Qom, at a young age he was sent …

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