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Yearly Archives: 2022

Mycenae

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Mycenae (/maɪˈsiːniː/ my-SEE-nee;[2] Ancient Greek: Μυκῆναι or Μυκήνη, Mykē̂nai or Mykḗnē) is an archaeological site near Mykines in Argolis, north-eastern Peloponnese, Greece. It is located about 120 kilometres (75 miles) south-west of Athens; 11 kilometres (7 miles) north of Argos; and 48 kilometres (30 miles) south of Corinth. The site is 19 kilometres (12 miles) inland from the Saronic Gulf and built upon a hill rising 900 feet (274 metres) above …

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Ibrahim Pasha Milli

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Ibrahim Pasha Milli, 1843 – 1908 (sometimes also referred to as ‘Milli Ibrahim Pasha’ of the tribe of Milli, Milan, Mellan; Turkish Brahim Paşayê Milî ar ابراهيم باشا ملى), was the chief of the Kurdish Milan tribal federation in Upper Mesopotamia, the Aleppo Vilayet, and the Syrian Vilayet of the …

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Abdullah Beg Benari

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Abdullah Beg Benari was a Kurdish tribal leader, who lived from 1880 to 1939. He was the son of Sheikh Jahangir, who was the son of Sultan Beg, and a descendant of Bradostian Kurdish princes who fought in the battle of Dimdim Castle against the Iranian invasion by the Shah …

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Simko Shikak

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Simko Shikak (born Ismail Agha Shikak 1887 – 1930, Kurdish: سمکۆی شکاک, romanized: Simko Şikak) was a Kurdish chieftain of the Shekaktribe. He was born into a prominent Kurdish feudal family based in Chihriq castle located near the Baranduz river in the Urmia region of northwestern Iran. By 1920, parts of …

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Qazi Muhammad

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Biography Qazi Muhammad was born into a noble Kurdish family from Mahabad.  His father had cooperated with Ismail Shimko during his revolt against the Iranian government in the 1920s, and his brother Sadr Qazi was a member of the Iranian parliament. After his father’s death, he was nominated as a judge in …

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Celadet Alî Bedirxan

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Celadet Alî Bedirxan (Kurdish: Celadet Alî Bedirxan ,جەلادەت عالی بەدرخان;[1][2] 26 April 1893 – 1951), also known as Mîr Celadet, was a Kurdish diplomat, writer, linguist, journalist and political activist. He held a master’s degree in law from Istanbul University, completed his studies in Munich, and spoke several languages including Arabic, …

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Soran Emirate

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Soran Emirate (Kurdish: میرنشینی سۆران) was a medieval Kurdish emirate established before the conquest of Kurdistan by Ottoman Empire in 1514 and later revived by Emir Kor centered in Rawandiz from 1816 to 1836.  Kor was ousted in an offensive by the Ottomans. Early years/ While no date has been established for the …

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Yarsanism

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Yarsanism, Ahl-e Haqq or Kaka’i (Kurdish: یارسان, romanized: Yarsan Persian: اهل حق), is a syncretic religion founded by Sultan Sahak in the late 14th century in western Iran. The total number of followers of Yarsanism is estimated to be just over half a million in Iran and Iraq who are mostly Kurds from …

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Idris Bitlisi

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Idris Bitlisi (c. 18 January 1457[1] – 15 November 1520), sometimes spelled Idris Bidlisi, Idris-i Bitlisi, or Idris-i Bidlisi (“Idris of Bitlis“), and fully Mevlana Hakimeddin İdris Mevlana Hüsameddin Ali-ül Bitlisi, was an Ottoman Kurdish religious scholar and administrator. Even though many scholarly works mention Bitlis as Bitlisi’s place of birth, a new research states that he was actually born in the district of …

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Kirkuk (ancient: Arrapha)

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Kirkuk (ancient: Arrapha) At Ta’min Governorate. In Iraqi Kurdistan, near the Khasa River, 250 km north of Baghdad. The modern city and also the site of the ancient Hurrian and Assyrian capital of Arrapha, strategically located, of great importance to the Assyrians. Dates: Assyrian period, late 3rd and 2nd millenium BC; flourished …

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